There are a number of air pollution diseases that you may come into contact with. With all the chemicals, substances, and fumes that get into the atmosphere, it can be difficult to avoid contact with these things. Short and long-term health effects of exposure to air pollution are numerous. It has been shown that the majority of the planet’s population lives with the constant threat of one or more air pollution diseases.
When it comes to what is the primary cause of illnesses from air pollution diseases, researchers say the main culprits include carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and ozone. All three are greenhouse gas agents, which means that they are contributing to climate change, resulting in global warming. They also pose a significant risk factor for a host of respiratory conditions and diseases, including irritations to the respiratory system, sinusitis, asthma, allergies, headaches, and even memory loss. The list goes on.
Air Pollution Diseases
The number one killer is carbon monoxide, and it accounts for a surprisingly large number of premature deaths every year. Carbon monoxide is the result of incomplete combustion and is created both from natural gas flames and car exhaust. While many people think that opening a gas cylinder will automatically cause the amount of carbon monoxide in the air to go down, researchers have shown that this is not always the case. It is important to remember that no one, not even the most trained and attentive person, is immune to the effects of carbon monoxide.
Air Pollution Causes
Another one of the outdoor air pollution diseases causes is the number one cause of household breathing problems – volatile organic compounds. VOCs are contaminants that can irritate the lining of the lungs and can cause a variety of respiratory diseases. They are present in large quantities outside but have become more concentrated in recent years due to the increased use of fossil fuels in automobiles.
One of the most deadly of these illnesses is asthma, which is usually brought on by one of the outdoor air pollutants mentioned above. Asthma is a condition where the airways inside the lungs swell and cannot receive enough oxygen. As a result, people suffer from shortness of breath, coughing, and chest discomfort. While most cases of asthma are brought on by one of the outdoor pollutants mentioned above, it can also be caused by other factors, such as eczema, irritants, fungi, molds, and other airborne particles. Many researchers feel that asthma may be the result of an imbalance in the environment that causes the body to react to one of those pollutants.
Besides lung ailments, another group that is commonly afflicted by air pollution is the cardiovascular disease population. Cardiovascular disease is broken down into three main groups – coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral arterial disease. Each of these has a specific risk factor and can contribute to a person’s risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Those who smoke, for example, are at a higher risk of developing coronary heart disease because smoking increases the cholesterol level. Those who are overweight or obese also increase their risk of developing coronary heart disease. Those who have a family history of heart disease are more likely to develop it, as well.
Smog is a particularly dangerous type of air pollution because of the types of gases that form when it forms. In the majority of cases, smog occurs when there is an extremely high level of pollution in the air. When there is a large amount of smog in the air, it can be quite hazardous to the health of those who are around. The fumes from vehicles driving on the freeway typically contain higher levels of smog, as well as dust, dirt, and other harmful materials. In fact, many times during the day, it would be impossible to drive around Los Angeles without inhaling some of the unhealthy fumes from traffic. It is very important to remember that although traffic congestion does contribute to smog formation, there are other ways in which the fumes from traffic can affect you.
When you consider the two most common types of air pollution, carbon monoxide, and ozone, you will quickly understand why Los Angeles is among the most polluted places in the country. Both of these dangerous gases form due to incomplete combustion. Although it may seem unlikely that complete combustion could lead to such health problems as cancer and respiratory disease, it is true that the pollutants created by incomplete combustion are the primary cause of these ailments. The number one source of cancer-causing compounds in Los Angeles is water pollution, and the second-largest source is the combustion of gas in automobiles.