Delhi is well-known to be the most polluted city in India. The government is taking strict measures to control air pollution here. Here are two latest air pollution news Delhi.
Parking fee hike to be implemented from Oct 15 in Delhi to battle pollution
At the on-set of winter, this emergency plan will come into effect from October 15 as a solution to battle Delhi’s pollution problem. The farmers have begun burning stubble and the wind direction has changed at the onset of winter.
This Graded Response Action Plan (grap) will be implemented by officials by hiking parking fees and banning diesel generators in the Delhi NCR to combat air pollution. This announcement came as farmers said that they will begin burning crop residue and the weather department predicted a change in the wind direction, all of which will worsen the air quality.
GRAP will trigger restrictions such as the odd-even rationing, ban on construction activity if air quality deteriorates and ban on diesel generators. The air quality currently, is ‘poor’ in the first week of October and is likely to get ‘very poor’ later in the month. The officials also remarked that the air quality has been a little better as compared to last year because the weather has been windier thereby clearing local pollution.
The farmers of Punjab and Haryana are yet to clear their crop residue by burning it which contaminates the air over Delhi and adjacent areas. “Harvest is very late this time because of untimely rains in September. Government also direc–ted us to harvest late because the crop was not ready in many parts. Fires will pick up now. Farmers have no option but to burn stubble because 70% of them haven’t got farm equipment to dispose stubble,” said HS Lakhowal, general secretary of the Bharatiya Kisan Union, Punjab.
The wind directed is predicted to change to north-northwest from October 12, by the India Metrological Department, which will bring in pollutants from Punjab and Haryana. When the Punjab and Haryana government were asked to put a ban on the stubble burning, they refused saying that it is a politically sensitive matter.
Strict measures have been taken by the CPCB by deploying 41 inspection teams responsible to monitor violations. They have come up with violations like open dumping of construction debris, waste debris and garbage burning. They assured that strict measures will be taken and security will be enforced.
Pollution In Delhi Reducing People’s Life By 10 Years
The toxic air in Delhi is creating havoc in the life of Delhites. According to study, this bad air is taking away more than 10 years from the life of an average man if exposed to this air for a sustained period.
The air quality has been deteriorating rapidly in Delhi. The Air Quality Life Index is a study developed by the University of Chicago’s Milton Friedman professor in economics. He along with his team, calculate the effect of air quality on life expectancy.
“Based on the research, life expectancy would be more than 10 years longer for people in Delhi if the WHO standards had been met. The AQLI is an index that translates particulate air pollution into its impact on life expectancy. In Delhi, pollution concentrations in 2016 averaged 113 micrograms per cubic metre,” said Ken Lee, executive director of EPIC India.
The safe limit of annual mean PM2.5, as stated by WHO, is 10 microgram per cubic metre. This limit has been raised to 40 microgram per cubic metre as per Indian standards. The index also states that the north Indian states like Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Bihar suffer from particulate concentrations which exceed the safe levels by factors of 3 to 6 thereby reducing life expectancy by 2 to 5 years. The pollution increased 10 times in the past two decades.
On an average, across India, the concentration of fine particles increased by 69% across India which reduced the life expectancy by 4.3 years as compared to 2.2 years in 1998. If one is compliant with the WHO guidelines, one can easily raise average life expectancy at birth by 69 to 73 years.